Standing in a slow-moving queue at a polling center certainly raises your risk of catching Covid-19, especially when there is no guarantee the people around you will be wearing masks.
“When possible, alternative voting options — which minimize contact between voters and poll workers — should be made available for people with Covid-19, those who have symptoms of Covid-19, and those who have been exposed,” the spokesperson said.
Having a plan to reduce your risk before you set out for that marathon wait is critical. Here’s your cheat sheet to a safer voting experience.
1. Spend most of your wait outdoors
Standing outdoors is definitely safer than indoors because any airflow helps dissipate the virus. So try to find a voting location that keeps indoor waits to a minimum.
“You also want to vote at a location that has a separate point of entry and exit to minimize crowds forming in the space. Any time spent indoors should be minimized,” she said.
- Tip: Do not vote in person if your polling station is located at a high-risk facility, such as a senior care facility.
If you’re disabled, not feeling well or at extremely high risk of severe complications from Covid-19, you may be able to take advantage of curbside voting in some states. If you are lucky enough to have that option, be sure the election workers are wearing gloves, a face shield and a face mask before you lower your window.
2. Vote at a less busy time of day
Traditionally, people are most likely to try and vote before or after work or at lunch time. If you can aim for midmorning or early to midafternoon, you may encounter fewer lines.
Stay in touch with local friends on Facebook or a neighborhood site like Nextdoor. People will often post updates about crowds at different times of the day, which you can use to plan your trip.
- Tip: Make a list of several local polling stations and do a drive-by to check out the line before parking.
3. Avoid crowded ride-sharing services, buses or trains
If you can’t drive, don’t compromise your safety by using ride-sharing or crowded buses or trains, says the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If possible, opt for public or private services that will pick you up individually.
Try to avoid touching items inside the car or transport as much as you can, and use hand sanitizer if you do, the CDC adds. If possible, open all available windows.
- Tip: Since a long wait in line is likely, be sure to bring water and possibly a folding chair.
4. Carefully choose your mask
Be especially wary of the look-alike N95-type masks being sold at major retail distributors, Sexton said.
“Some of those N95-masks have exhalation valves in them,” Sexton said, adding that they may “actually make things worse because it concentrates your breath into that valve, allowing it to come through with some force and the droplets may travel a little farther. So we strongly recommend that people don’t wear a mask that has an exhalation valve.”
If you must take your mask off for some reason — such as to take a drink of water — use hand sanitizer before and after, the CDC says, and bring an extra mask in case the first gets wet or dirty.
5. Cover your nose, please
It’s not safe to stand in line with your snout exposed even if your mouth is covered, experts say.
If your mask is reusable, be sure to toss it into the washer when you get home for a thorough cleaning before wearing it again.
6. Follow social distancing rules
Standing at least 6 feet apart is fast becoming the norm today — or should be — to help protect ourselves and others from the virus. That’s especially critical if people around you are not wearing masks.
“If that person refuses to keep their distance, you may want to let a poll worker know and ask the poll worker to politely remind the voter to try to maintain social distancing,” she said.
“Voters should not take matters into their own hands and approach an individual who isn’t taking safety precautions at the polling place,” Klain said. “Instead, the voter should speak to a poll worker about the disruption or notify Election Protection by calling 866-OUR-VOTE.”
If you and others are following the 6-foot rule, the most likely interpersonal contact during voting is between the voter and the polling workers checking you in.
“Ideally there’d be a Plexiglas barrier, and in states where voters have to provide ID, they’d be able to just show their ID through the Plexiglas barrier,” Klain said.
“Minimizing the number of shared items that voters touch and election workers touch is really critical,” she added.
7. Bring sanitizer
Along with that highly protective mask, you should definitely bring disinfecting wipes and hand sanitizer with greater than 60% ethanol or 70% isopropyl alcohol, according to the CDC. That’s the level needed to kill most coronaviruses.
- Tip: Don’t use any hand sanitizer that’s been stored in the car during the summer or left in the sun, the FDA says. Effectiveness will start to breakdown above 105°F.
When you get home, be sure and wash your hands with soap and water for a minimum of 20 seconds — that’s the amount of time it takes to sing Happy Birthday twice (although there are a lot of other songs you can substitute). Soapy bubbles break down the fatty surface of the coronavirus, thus killing it.
8. Bring your own pen or swab
The CDC also suggests bringing your own blue or black pen in case you need to sign something or decide to fill out your absentee ballot and drop it there. You must use blue or black ink for your vote to be counted.
If your voting station has touch-screen voting, you should bring along a cotton swab, finger cover or glove to cast your vote instead of using your finger.
Be sure to immediately discard those aids (peel the glove off from your wrist inside out to avoid cross-contamination).
9. Vote alone
Unless you have a disability that requires assistance, vote alone, experts say. This is not the year to bring your children or other non-voting family members to the voting location.
Be sure to ask any babysitter who stays with your children to wear a mask if they don’t live with you, the CDC advises.
10. Review your plan
If you need to fill out registration materials, do that in advance, the CDC says, and bring prepared items with you. To speed upvoting and reduce your time inside, If your state has sample ballots, fill that out and take it with you, or make a list.
Are you ready? Double-check with this quick recap:
- Personal identification, such as driver’s license
- Registration forms and sample ballot
- Two masks
- Sanitizing wipes or tissues
- Hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol
- Black or blue ink pen
- A cotton swab or glove